The peony is a plant that produces beautiful and showy flowers and is native to the Orient. Just there his flower is among the most appreciated, almost venerated, because over the centuries it has taken on so many different meanings. Initially it was just a lucky door and with it he wished the bride and groom to have a happy marriage. Then this flower started to represent love, prosperity, nobility of mind and finally peace, especially when it is in full bloom. From the Europeans the rose without thorns has been defined and it has become the symbol of the most romantic love stories, it is not by chance that it is widely used at weddings, particularly in bouquets or in decorations in churches. Furthermore, the white peony It is the traditional symbol of young girls who stand out among the others for their beauty and their intelligence, as well as the symbol of young brides. In China it indicates the spring in the floral depictions of the four seasons and is often also painted on porcelain. The red variety, instead, in the East is an erotic symbol and indicates the female genital organs.
The peonies are divided into two broad categories: herbaceous and shrubby. The aerial part of the herbaceous ones dies during the winter and, in spring, the new shoots start directly from the collar of the roots. It is precisely the latter that allow the plant to overcome the cold season without suffering damage, because they contain an accumulation of reserve substances. The herbaceous peonies each year produce an herbaceous stem, on which the leaves grow and then the flowers. Like all perennials, the stem also grows horizontally but always remains the same height, usually average, no more than a meter. There white peony generally it is herbaceous, because this is the kind that lends itself well to cut flowers thanks to the length of the stems. The shrubby peonies, on the other hand, produce woody branches on which in spring the shoots with leaves and flowers grow; this variety grows like a bush, both in width and in height, and reaches up to two meters in height and in diameter.
The herbaceous peonies, including the white one, are used above all to create flowerbeds and borders or, given the length of the stem, for cut flowers. Shrub peonies, on the other hand, are used more as isolated plants, or to create hedges. The peonies are not plants of difficult cultivation, because they adapt, resist well to cold winters and tolerate all types of soil, even if they prefer those that are not too light and alkaline. Herbaceous peonies are earlier than shrubby ones. For the complete development of the plant it takes about two or three years, a period during which they can produce few flowers or sometimes none. Flowering occurs from mid-April to the end of June and, already from the beginning of September, the plant takes on an autumnal appearance and may appear less vigorous. To make the cut flowers last longer, the branches must be cut when the buds begin to open and allow the color of the flower to be seen. If the stems are cut when the flowers are already fully open, their life will be less and they will soon wither. In addition to the white one, there are other varieties of peonies with red or pink flowers in various shades.
Also this variety, like most peonies, can be multiplied by splitting on root, in the period between late August and late September. We must use the lignified branches produced by the plant during the year. Alternatively, in large plants we can make a division of the tufts, being careful however that in each head there are roots and stems in a sufficient quantity to create an autonomous plant. Finally, you can opt for sowing, a valid method for both herbaceous and shrub peonies: normally, though, the new plant has different characteristics than the one that supplied the seeds. This last method takes a long time for the growth of new plants, it takes at least two years; however it is one of the most used multiplication procedures to create new varieties.