Evergreen climbing hedge
An evergreen climbing hedge has countless undeniable advantages; first of all, a creeper tends to grow very high, taking up little space in depth, allowing us to create a screen outside without having to give up excessive portions of land inside the garden. Secondly, creepers tend to grow vigorously, producing long shoots every year: so we can plant small and inexpensive plants, sure that they will quickly cover the whole fence. Since these are evergreen plants, we can have our hedge always beautiful and decorative, even in winter. Unfortunately, climbing plants are not able to support themselves, and therefore need a fence, guardians, a wire mesh, to cling to during their development.
We choose our creeper
There are not many evergreen creepers widespread in Italy, and some are particularly suitable only for the regions of central and southern Italy, where the cold season is milder. Among the most resistant plants, suitable also for gardens in the north, we find the widespread trachelospermum jasminoides, also called jasmine in winter: this plant is very vigorous, has dark and compact foliage, and in summer produces many fragrant white flowers. Even the evergreen varieties of clematis are very suitable for forming a hedge, such as clematis montana, or clematis Nelly Moser, or even clematis jackmanii; they are vigorous plants, which tolerate winter frost and summer heat well, with a cascade of spring flowers. Another creeper used throughout Italy is the ivy, very vigorous and tenacious, which over the years tends to take possession of the supports to which it clings, ruining them beyond repair.
Plants suitable for mild climates
Some evergreen climbing hedge plants are not suitable in the regions of northern Italy, or in any case during particularly cold winters they may need a cover, which is difficult to implement if they are positioned to create a hedge far from the house. An example is the beautiful Bougainville, with its beautiful pink flowers produced in summer; these plants are cultivated throughout the central south, and also in areas with mild climate, such as Lake Garda: if the winters are cold, they completely lose their foliage and may even be damaged. Passiflora is instead an evergreen creeper that can be cultivated throughout Italy, except that even in this case, if the climate becomes particularly rigid, the foliage falls, leaving the hedge as pitted, which therefore loses one of its fundamental aims. Honeysuckle also acts as an evergreen in temperate winter regions, especially the Asian varieties, with spectacular blooms. Also the plumbago and the officinal jasmine can be used as hedge plants, but only where the winter is mild.
Place a hedge of creepers
Climbing plants are generally very vigorous, and develop long ramifications every year; in order to feed their vegetation, they need a dense and tenacious root system, and therefore a good portion of rich and deep soil. Over time the climbing plants cultivated in pots tend to have an increasingly stunted development, and therefore it is advisable to plant them in the ground. Land that must be enriched, fertilized and well processed, to prevent it from being too heavy or poorly drained. Before placing the plants, it is therefore good to work the soil, enriching it with mature manure. The hedge climbing plants they will grow a lot, so avoid buying a large number of them and planting them very close together, or you will be forced to vigorous regular pruning, especially in the case of lonicere, trachelospermum and passionflower. After laying them down, secure them to the fence using rubberized wire, so as to invite them to develop in the right direction.