Before planting the beans you need to plan the sowing. It can be made with a cycle of about six months, starting from the end of autumn to obtain a spring harvest, or at the end of winter to have the beans after just 3-4 months. Obviously the irrigation is different in the two different circumstances. For autumn and winter cultivation, rainfall is more than sufficient. We will not have to equip ourselves with a fixed irrigation system and we will be able to let nature provide water, waiting for the harvest season. As for spring cultivation, on the other hand, we will be able to intervene if the rains are kept waiting for a few days, with extra watering when needed. As a general rule, however, it is good to keep in mind that the beans fear water stagnation and that it is necessary to operate with additional watering if actually necessary.
The ideal soil for planting beans is not necessarily rich. The fertilizations given to the previous cultivations are more than sufficient, perhaps with manure and compost. Like the other legumes, the beans contribute to enriching the earth, fixing nitrogen and acting as a natural fertilizer. At the end of the cultivation, it is advisable not to uproot them and, if the soil is immediately necessary for another cultivation, chop the dried plants and the root system adding it to the compost. To plant the beans, however, a soil with excellent drainage is needed, able to completely absorb the atmospheric precipitations. Periodically it will be necessary to remove the weeds, with a superficial weeding. It is also important to cover the plants, or add more soil to the base to protect the root system and refresh the soil.Planting beans: exposure and possible diseases
It is possible to plant the beans in all the regions of Italy, both in the plain and in the hill areas. The best climate to which they adapt is that characterized by winters that are not too rigid and summers that are not particularly dry. We will have to settle with sowing according to the characteristics of the area in which we live. The beans fear both the scorching heat and the extreme cold. In a temperate climatic condition they can also stay in full sun and develop at their best. The bean plants can be attacked by aphids. A natural prevention intervention can be done simply by trimming the plants. Other insects could attack the pods and in this case specific pesticides could be required to be purchased in the store. Molds can be fought by avoiding overdoing irrigation and choosing an area of the garden with good drainage.