Garden Plants

In this section we talk about shrubs.
A collection of detailed fact sheets on the different species grown in our gardens.
The advice for a right choice based on the needs of your flowerbed.
Each card contains detailed technical information on soil preparation, the climatic zones of origin, the posture and growth, the right fertilizers and pruning techniques.
Furthermore, particular varieties and cultivars are described; suggestions for the creation of flower beds with the intercropping of species that have complementary aesthetic and agronomic characteristics.
provides a complete guide for those who want to learn about the shrubs and their uses in garden design
Among the most sought-after plants in this section we can report:
Ibiscus (most common name used)
With the term shrubs it is usual to indicate an outdoor plant in which there is a woody trunk from which, near the ground, branches start or in which the trunk is not present at all. The height of these plants does not exceed 5 meters. In the category of shrubs belong all perennial species, with a height not exceeding 5 meters:
Medium height shrubs : commonly called "big bushes", they are those shrubby plants that exceed a meter in height, they can have a shrubby habit but sometimes they also tolerate a sapling breeding: for example the broom (Spartium junceum) lends itself very well to being used in a scrub of shrubbery located close to a shore, or to form a small tree with a central stem that bears a flowery yellow foliage in April.
They mainly multiply by woody and semi-woody cuttings.
To this category belong many species of the genus Spirea, Viburnum, Weigelia, Cornus, Evonimus and many others.

Ground cover shrubs : they are species with a prostrate or creeping habit, suitable to cover portions of land, or to be used as borders. Usually they do not exceed 50 cm in height, they can be evergreen or deciduous. Usually they are used with a high density of plant to create a sort of plant carpet. Ideal for greening areas of the garden where the lawn has difficulty taking root.
They mainly multiply by woody and semi-woody cuttings, very often they produce adventitious roots and can be reproduced by offshoot
To this category belong some lonicere and Cotonaster, the Rosmarinus or. prostratus, the Vinca minor and some rock garden species like the Plhox.
Shrubs with herbaceous stems : all those plants that do not have a woody stem, but are formed exclusively by green parts. The effect created by combinations of different herbaceous plants is very suggestive and usually the blooms are splendid as in the case of the Hemerocallis.
Using these plants correctly in a flower bed enriches the geometries and colors; only drawback: with winter the epigeal part disappears completely, leaving a "hole" in your flower beds.
The particular conformation of the roots almost always allows the multiplication by division of the rhizomes or cutting of the tufts. Among the most famous herbaceous plants there are the Hemerocallis, the Liriopi, the Agapanto, the Tubalghie and all the plants known with the name of graminaceous such as Carex and Mischantus.
Acidophilous shrubs: for the particular agronomic requirements they require, they deserve a category of their own. Acidophilous shrubs need an acid or sub-acidic pH to thrive. For this a flower bed that will host these species must be prepared with a particular care: the addition of organic soil improvers such as acid peat and leonardite and acid reaction fertilizers such as potassium sulphate.
They mainly multiply by woody and semi-woody cuttings.
To this special category belong the Azaleas, the Rhododendrons, the Ericas and the Hydrangeas.
The art of the gardener consists in selecting the right plants from each of these categories and placing them next to each other to form splendid harmonies and colors.
To do this, a thorough knowledge of each species you want to use is required.
First of all the needs in terms of soil, not only pH but also soil texture: the broom well tolerates clay and limestone soils, while an azalea wants a well-drained and acid soil.
It is good practice to combine plants with similar agronomic characteristics.
We must also learn about growth and development and how to imagine how plants will look after a few years; tall plants will never be placed in front of low ones and plants that do not tolerate full sun positions should be combined with plants that will produce large bushes so as to provide them with the right shade.
The knowledge of the age of flowering and color, on the other hand, allows the most appropriate choice from the aesthetic point of view (putting the artistic talents of aspiring gardeners to the test)
It is possible to design flowerbeds with scaled bloom and to obtain a flowery effect throughout the season or to combine shades of the same shade of pink and violet to obtain particular chromatic effects. Sometimes the right choice is made of mono-varietal flowerbeds that create real spots dominated by a single color, exploiting the effect of quantity to amaze and strike; other times, combinations of 3 or 4 colors generate an unexpected effect even by the designer himself.
Finally, also analyze the relationship between plants and the animal kingdom.
Wisteria and lavenders will attract many hymenoptera including the dangerous Vespa Crabro, while Nandine and hawthorn will offer food to the fauna.
Browse through the guides and learn about the characteristics of each plant, compare them and group them, and have fun designing your favorite room. To become good gardeners you need passion, a sense of life in all its forms and a lot of study.