The bulb flowers give our gardens the first colors and scents of spring and the last of autumn. We can choose from the many varieties on the market and adorn our gardens with alternating blooms over time to enjoy their splendor for a long time.
The bulbous plants they generally grow well in neutral or basically acidic soils, light and well drained, while they do not like calcareous or clayey soils. Just before placing the bulbs at home you will need to fertilize moderately using chemical fertilizers that are rich in potassium or, alternatively, organic fertilizer that will however have to be completely decomposed. In the latter case, the fertilization must take place a long time before being planted. With these plants you can have good satisfactions even in the multiplicative phase. In fact, they reproduce quite easily by means of small bulbs that form each year around the adult bulbs. Generally for these flowers a sparse arrangement or in small groups is chosen, to simulate the spontaneous disposition; you can choose whether to create single-color or mixed beds or choose to combine the flowers at the base of trees or bushes. Many of these plants can be successfully grown even in pots. Let's see in detail some of the most common and decorative flowers.
The Tulip (Tulipa sp.)
The Tulip belongs to the Gigliacee family and the genus includes more than 150 bulbous species. all rather rustic and resistant. The varieties then, are numerous, obtained both by effect of crossings by farmers and by spontaneous mutations. In addition, the tulips have a particular feature, namely the ability to change over time. The same bulb that initially produced flowers of a single color can subsequently give rise to variegated flowers. This peculiarity is due to virosis which has no harmful effect on the plant. Contrary to other bulbous plants, the tulip grows well in clayey and slightly alkaline soils as long as it is rich in humus. Instead you will have to delay the burial of the bulbs in December if you are in the southern regions where the climate is milder. The bulbs should be planted at a depth of 15 centimeters and placed at a distance from each other which varies according to the species cultivated. After flowering, the flowers will be removed, the bulbs will be removed from the soil to be stored in boxes placed in a dry and well-ventilated area.
Hyacinth (Hyacinthus sp.)
Hyacinth also represents one of the plants considered bulbous par excellence. Its early flowering always arouses wonder and enthusiasm giving excellent results when cultivated inside the house, while their cultivation outside is rather difficult. You will always have to try to choose firm and compact bulbs that do not show any dents whatsoever. Keep in mind that a vase with a diameter of 15 centimeters can accommodate three to five bulbs, depending on the size. In the month of September you will have to cover them with an earthy compound in order to let only the apex emerge and place the vases in a shady position, possibly on a balcony facing north. Once the first leaves are ticked you will have to transfer the vases inside the house in a luminous position and begin to water them, little, but regularly. You can also administer suitable liquid fertilizer and enjoy the flowering around Christmas. In addition to being strongly decorative for their bright colors, hyacinths are also very fragrant and will spread a pleasant fragrance in your home.
Bulb flowers: Il Giglio (Lilium sp.)
To conclude we could not fail to mention what for good reason can be considered the king of bulbous plants, namely the Lily, a majestic flower belonging to the genus Lilium which includes 80 different species. It is a perennial plant, mostly rustic, which grows spontaneously in the temperate regions of the northern hemisphere. Lilies grow well in light, acid and well-drained soils. Again, before planting the bulbs, it will be better if you spend some time preparing the soil. You will have to add some soil of leaves and peat and, if the ground is heavy, sand or fine gravel. The many varieties on the market will facilitate the task in very different terrain conditions. In fact, there are species that tolerate limestone well, while others just cannot be cultivated where it is present, even in small quantities. You will have to plant the bulbs outdoors in March or, in autumn, in the case of species that emit roots only from the stem. The position will have to be chosen according to the species, sometimes it will be indicated a very sunny place, other times it will be preferable to opt for a partially shaded place. Remember to put the bulbs in damp peat before being planted, as they tend to dry out during storage. The flowering will be spectacular and the colors and shapes that this flower will give you will repay you for the attention you gave them before the plant.