Evaluate the available spaces
The design of private gardens cannot disregard, first of all, the evaluation of the available spaces. The first thing to do, therefore, in the creation of a green space, is to take the measurements of the land on which you will work, since the project will obviously have to be adapted to the available space. On the other hand, it is possible to resort to some visual tricks to make the garden seem larger than it actually is: for example, concentrating the plants in a peripheral part, and leaving the lawn free in the center; or by placing different climbing plants that grow upwards, so as to save space and increase the feeling of depth. In the presence of very large grounds, such as for example a country garden, it is necessary to deal with the need to treat it properly. The solution, in this case, is very simple, in the sense that it is sufficient to delimit the surface we intend to occupy with a border, a hedge or simple vessels, so that the portion excluded face, very trivially, part of the landscape. The combination of two different styles can be a creative solution to liven up a very large garden, while it should be avoided for small spaces.
Another factor to take into account in the design of private gardens concerns the topography, ie the type of land on which you will work. We must not therefore commit the error of trying to adapt the ground to our original intentions. Instead, it will be better to behave in the opposite way, that is to say starting from the ascertainment of the conditions of the space to then identify the most adequate solution. In short, it is evident that on a moving surface a regular and rigid design may be out of tune, just as a totally flat surface will hardly accept irregularities in an aesthetically pleasing manner. It is therefore preferable to take advantage of the particularities of the place, for example by creating terraces in the presence of particularly steep slopes. In this regard, also the slopes must be considered, also because it is not said that a plant is able to grow on hills or slopes. The construction of low walls or embankments will provide an excellent remedy for this situation. But nothing prevents, however, from alternating paved areas and cultivated areas on flat soils, with classic garden species and rock garden plants. The design, then, must take into account the starting ground.
Private garden design: new land or recycled garden?
Nothing prevents, in fact, from creating a new garden starting from one that already exists, improving it or enriching it: in short, while starting from scratch it will be important to establish, first of all, a general approach, in the presence of an already existing garden you will have to adapt to what the earth offers. Not that this represents a disadvantage: for example, you can take advantage of the situation by keeping the trees already present, obviously only if in good conditions, all the more so if they are secular trees, which will be enhanced and highlighted. A tree of this type, moreover, can also have practical importance, for example by obscuring an unpleasant landscape, or by protecting the spaces from the wind, or by cushioning the noise coming from the road. And then, why give up an adult tree, considering the time it takes to grow it? Even the shrubs, however, can be exploited, in practice revitalized by a pruning operation: in the event that it is not known how to proceed, it is advisable to rely on a professional or an expert. There should be no scruples, however, in the presence of suffering and old plants, as diseases could spread and spread: better to eliminate them in the shortest possible time. In the eventuality of a garden to be created from scratch, on the other hand, it will be good to evaluate the land: if placed side by side with a newly built house, it will be formed by construction debris, which must be eliminated and replaced with good soil, for at least thirty or forty centimeters in height. Clearly, even the microclimate deserves to be verified in advance, meaning the set of precipitations, temperatures and climatic conditions that affect green space. Just think of how the influence of the wind can be modified by the presence of a hill, a group of oaks or a palace, or how a building can give life to a shadow capable of modifying the temperature in a sensitive manner. It is clear, in short, that a garden located at the foot of a hill will prove to be colder than a garden located at the top of it, since the warm air rises upwards, as well as a south-facing exposure will be less sunny. compared to an incline exposure. It is worth remembering, however, that the winds, unlike what one might think, are made more intense by the walls. In the moment in which they collide with a motionless obstacle, like for example a wall, in fact, they give rise to particularly intense turbulences which risk causing serious damage to the plants. Much better, therefore, to rely on a hedge, which also contributes to the creation of a micro-climate.