The climate, in essence, represents a factor to be taken into primary consideration, to avoid cultivating species that then suffer from cold or heat. Particular attention must also be given to winds, whose action, however, can be made marginal by the erection of a rather high hedge, which hinders the strongest gusts. Instead, it is good to avoid relying on buildings and walls that, unlike what one might imagine, are not able to dampen the wind, and indeed create micro-turbulences that could be harmful. When setting up the garden, the quality of the soil (the degree of acidity and fertility, the composition and richness of nutrients) must also be considered, but above all sun exposure. A plant that suffers heat and sun, in fact, will certainly not be chosen for a land facing south, where, that is, the sun is at peak for almost the whole day; much better, instead, a northern exposure, which guarantees the heating and cooling of the ground gradually and slowly, so as to avoid particularly sharp temperature changes that could be fatal.Evaluate the dimensions
Before preparing the garden, it is advisable to evaluate the width of the surface that must be treated, in order to act accordingly: in the presence of very large spaces, of course, care and maintenance must be much more frequent and constant than those which requires a small garden. An escamotage to limit the maintenance of a very large green space, however, simply consists of creating zones, delimiting it with a fence or hedges, so that we can distinguish between the garden that will actually be taken care of and the rest of the landscape. The hedges, on the other hand, represent a natural, economical and simple way to "bring order" between the spaces, delimiting and dividing up the various areas: this function, moreover, can also be performed by borders and vases. With regard to borders, they can be made according to different techniques and shapes (triangular, high profile, low profile, etc.).
It is worth underlining, then, that a garden must not only respond to aesthetic requirements, but also to practicality and functionality: this means that the same garden will not be suitable for a family with children (who will want some games - swings or a slide) - and maybe an area with sand) and for an elderly couple (who instead favor relaxation in the shade of a gazebo, in a rocking chair), perhaps with a dog. About the animals, in fact, it is necessary to take into account their possible presence, both to avoid cultivating succulent plants (whose thorns could be painful for our four-legged friends) and, possibly, to think of delimiting plants behind a fence more delicate that we intend to cultivate.
Setting up a garden: herbicides
Finally, it is important to say a few words about the chemical herbicides to be used. The first time, they should be used for the soil in which the festuca or ryegrass seeds have been placed, to make the grass grow: after this first use, it will be necessary to wait three weeks. Furthermore, their use is absolutely not recommended near vegetables or cultivated vegetables destined for food: in fact, they are toxic products.